Penalty to Polluter Act: A Sustainable Solution to Reduce Extreme Pollution

Image The action of polluting especially by environmental contamination with man-made waste is pollution [1]. Polluters are those materials which are responsible for the decrease of quality of air, water, soil, noise and other natural environment. Polluter is a subject which is responsible for the pollution. Subject could be people, company/ organization, country, Industry/factory and any another subject. The study describes the polluter by separating into three types as follows; Product polluters: These are all polluters who produce first hand goods/ products and during the production ... Read More

Styrenics, Made for Recycling

Image In view of climate change, environmental pollution, population growth and the dependence on limited fossil resources, the transition from a linear economy to a closed-loop economy is both ecologically and economically necessary.  Currently, chemical recycling of plastics plays only a minor role. For example, in the year 2016, only 1.4 % of the plastic packaging wastes generated in Germany were chemically recycled, compared to 48.4% that were mechanically recycled [1]. Therefore, plastics recycling are mostly understood as mechanical recycling. Thermoplastic materials can easi... Read More

History of wildlife toxicology

Image The field of wildlife toxicology can be traced to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Initial reports included unintentional poisoning of birds from ingestion of spent lead shot and predator control agents, alkali poisoning of waterbirds, and die-offs from maritime oil spills. With the advent of synthetic pesticides in the 1930s and 1940s, effects of DDT and other pesticides were investigated in free-ranging and captive wildlife. In response to research findings in the US and UK, and the publication of Silent Spring in 1962, public debate on the hazards of pollutant... Read More

Functions which were performed by kidney in our body

Image Journal of Kidney Treatment and Diagnosis consists of the latest findings related to pathogenesis and treatment of kidney disease, hypertension, acid-base and electrolyte disorders, dialysis therapies, and kidney transplantation. Case Reports highlight new diseases, and potential therapeutic strategies. Besides, Journal also publishes narrative reviews, editorials, and articles focusing on translational research, clinical practice, and socioeconomic aspects of kidney disease and treatment. ... Read More

Waste management by recycling of polymers with reinforcement of metal powder

Image Recycling of plastics/polymers is one of the waste management techniques which have been followed by many researchers. In past 20 years large number of applications in this field has been highlighted. But hither to very few have reported on plastic waste management by recycling of polymers with reinforcement of metal powder. In the present work an effort has been made to perform recycling of waste plastic/polymer with reinforcement of metal powder by controlling the melt flow index (MFI). The present study of recycling of waste plastic has been performed on single screw extruder machine by ... Read More

Ecological risk assessment in the context of global climate change

Image Global climate change (GCC) is accepted increasingly within the scientific and regulatory communities and the informed public as capable of impacting human and ecological systems for centuries 1, 2. This report stems from a SETAC Pellston Workshop convened to assess the influence of GCC on the scientific foundations and applications of environmental toxicology and chemistry, specifically from the work group charged with determining how ecological risk assessment (ERA) needs to change to take into account GCC. Stahl et al. 3 provide a detailed account of the origins of the workshop and summa... Read More

Practice of Waste Payment Collection from Public and the Improving of Its Challenges

Image In the ancient times too the municipal solid waste services were funded through flat rate billing, by surcharging on the local property tax that enforce beneficiaries to pay the same cost regardless of the quantity of solid waste generated and cost of disposal. The purpose of the municipal solid waste tariff strategy is to provide a framework and guidance for municipalities in setting solid waste tariffs that align with the intentions of the National Waste Management Strategy. The increased cost of landfilling, the dwindling landfill capacity the financial difficulties facing the ... Read More

Ecological Assessment for Trace Metal Pollution in a Freshwater Ecosystem

Image Heavy metals in the aquatic environment is of great ecological importance; hence, the study was carried out to evaluate the presence and effects of heavy metals on the water column, fish and sediment composition of Anambra River in July, 2011 and February, 2012 which covered both wet and dry season. The results of the physico- chemical properties showed significant variations (P<0.05) which occurred in DO and conductivity over the sampling seasons on different locations. pH, temperature and salinity showed seasonal difference at P<0.05 in different locations studied. There w... Read More

Bioremediation Efficiency of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on Cadmium and Lead from Groundwater Obtained from Mining Community

Image Water is a vital requirement for life and it is also an effective vehicle for the transmission of diseases if contaminated.Pollution caused by heavy metals is one of the major environmental problems that are imperative to be solved. Mining of solid minerals has been identified as an entry point of heavy metals into the environment consequently polluting various components of the environment such as soil and water. Bioremediation offers a promising means to reclaim such contaminated environment in an economical and eco friendly way.The focus of this study is to evaluate the biosorption effic... Read More

The Ecology of Intertidal Gastropods

Image   The structure and dynamics of biological communities cannot be understood without considerable background information about the ecology of the component species. Experimental manipulations of natural populations in field situations are often the most profitable method of determining the factors that affect the distribution and abundance of species. Intertidal organisms have proved to be suitable for such direct experimentation because of the ease of access to intertidal areas, the relatively sessile nature, and due to the great abundance of many of the organisms. ... Read More

Recovery of Precious Metals Using Microalgae Waste

Image From waste residue of microalgae after extracting biofuel, some novel adsorption gels were prepared for the recovery of precious metals such as gold, palladium and platinum. The adsorption gel for gold was prepared in a simple manner by treating in boiling concentrated sulfuric acid.  Although the feed material, the microalgae waste itself, was found to selectively adsorb gold(III), palladium(II) and platinum(IV) from hydrochloric acid solution over base metals such as copper(II), nickel(II) and so on, the adsorption of gold(III) was dramatically enhanced by the treatment usi... Read More

The impact of next-generation sequencing technology on preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening

Image Largely because of efforts required to complete the Human Genome Project, DNA sequencing has undergone a steady transformation with still-ongoing developments of high-throughput sequencing machines for which the cost per reaction is falling drastically. Similarly, the fast-changing landscape of reproductive technologies has been improved by genetic approaches. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening were established more than two decades ago for selecting genetically normal embryos to avoid inherited diseases and to give the highest potential to achieve stable pregnancies.... Read More

Assessing the ecology in ecotoxicology: a review and synthesis in freshwater systems

Image The field of ecotoxicology is experiencing a surge in attention among ecologists as we gain a deeper appreciation for how contaminants can impact natural ecosystems. This interest is particularly strong in aquatic systems where many non‐target organisms experience pesticides. In this article, we assess how pesticides affect freshwater systems by applying the conceptual framework of density‐ and trait‐mediated indirect effects from the field of basic ecology. We demonstrate the utility of this framework for understanding the conditions under which pesticides affect species interactions... Read More

Molecular Genetics of Chromosome 17 Tauopathies

Image The identification of mutations in the gene encoding the micro‐tubule associated protein tau in frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP‐17) demonstrated that tau dysfunction can lead to neurodegeneration. At least 11 missense mutations and 1 deletion mutation (ΔK280) have been identified in exons 9–13 that encode the microtubule binding domains of tau. In addition, five mutations have been found close to the 5′ splice site of exon 10. The different FTDP‐17 mutations have multiple effects on the biology and function of tau. These... Read More

Assessment methods for solid waste management

Image Assessment methods are common tools to support decisions regarding waste management. The objective of this review article is to provide guidance for the selection of appropriate evaluation methods. For this purpose, frequently used assessment methods are reviewed, categorised, and summarised. In total, 151 studies have been considered in view of their goals, methodologies, systems investigated, and results regarding economic, environmental, and social issues. A goal shared by all studies is the support of stakeholders. Most studies are based on life cycle assessments, mult... Read More

Genome Sequencing Technique

Image Journal of Next Generation Sequencing & Applications is a peer reviewed medical journal that includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises peer review for the submitted manuscripts to ensure quality. Sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within the genome. It includes various methods or technologies that are used to determine the order of the four nucleotides in the DNA strand. The advent of rapid DNA sequencing methods has greatly... Read More

Molecular Ecology

Image Ecology and Toxicology is a branch of science which deals with the relationships between organism and their natural environment and effects of harmful substances on organism at population community and ecosystem level. Journal of Ecology and Toxicology, a peer reviewed, Open Access Journal provides an open platform for eminent scientists around the globe to publish their scholarly work in field related to organism association with their ecological niche and effects incurred by various deleterious toxic substances to organism and their effects at each level of e... Read More

Incineration Research

Image Advances in Recycling & Waste Management is a peer reviewed and open access journal publishes articles in the scientific society. The journal welcomes articles in the form of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications etc. relevant fields. Researchers and Scientific experts of Advances in Recycling & Waste Management discipline are encouraged to publish innovative ideas in Open Peer-Review Journals. Advances in recycling Journals broadly covers Solid waste recycling, organic waste recycling, waste water recycling, agricultural waste recycling, s... Read More

Journal of Phlebology and Lymphology has successfully completed its Twelve Years of Journey by providing Considerable Discounts on Publication Charges.

Image Journal of Phlebology and Lymphology is declaring 30 percent of discount on publication charges to recall its 12th Anniversary. The Journal’s editorial board members are overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and reward our prospective audience whi... Read More

José Maria Pereira de Godoy Appointed as Editor-in-Chief of PULSUS Group's Open-Access Medical Journal: Journal of Phlebology and Lymphology

Image Pulsus publishing house has announced  Dr.José Maria Pereira de Godoy from Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of the Medicine School in São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), SP, Brazil as Editor-in-Chief for the scholarly Open-Access Journal of Phlebology and Lymphology. Dr.José Maria Pereira de Godoy has been rendering services as one of the editors of this open access journal and is promoted to this highest position. Dr.José Maria Pereira de Godoy  has completed his Education in Jichi Medical University, graduated in 1978 Wor... Read More

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanomedicine

Image Journal of Nanoscience and Nanomedicine Celebrates 2years of Successful Publication Journey with Magnificence and Commitment Journal of Nanoscience and Nanomedicine celebrates 2 years’ successful journey in the field of medical publishing. Our Journal extends a very warm welcome to all the authors, researchers, editors and students to underwrite their latest research findings to this journal. The journal is loyal to oblige its reader’s, authors to enh... Read More